Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was an Italian diplomat, politician, historian, philosopher, writer, playwright and poet of the Renaissance period. He wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His best-known work The Prince (Il Principe) in 1513.
The Prince is a 16th-century political treatise. The book is sometimes claimed to be one of the first works of modern philosophy, in which the "effectual" truth is taken to be more important than any abstract ideal. The descriptions within The Prince have the general theme of accepting that the aims of princes – such as glory and survival – can justify the use of immoral means to achieve those ends.